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Basic English Grammar | What You Need to Know

english grammar

Basic English grammar is an essential aspect of effective communication.

It provides a framework for organizing thoughts and ideas and enables us to express ourselves clearly and concisely. In this article, we’ll explore some of the most important aspects of English grammar and provide examples and answers to common questions.

  1. Parts of speech:

The parts of speech are the building blocks of English grammar, and they include nouns, verbs, adjectives, adverbs, pronouns, prepositions, conjunctions, and interjections. Understanding the different parts of speech and how they function in sentences is crucial for effective communication.


  • Noun: dog, book, teacher
  • Pronoun: he, she, it
  • Adjective: big, blue, happy
  • Article: a, an the
  • Verb: run, eat, talk
  • Adverb: quickly, loudly, happily
  • Preposition: in, on, at
  • Conjunction: and, but, or
  • Interjection: oh, wow, ouch

Learn Understanding Tenses in English Grammar

  1. Sentence structure:

A sentence is a group of words that expresses a complete thought. It typically consists of a subject, a verb, and an object, although there are many variations of sentence structure. Understanding how to construct effective sentences is crucial for clear communication.


  • The cat sat on the mat.
  • She is reading a book.
  • They are playing in the park.
  1. Tenses:

Tenses are used to indicate when an action occurred, whether it is ongoing, or whether it is completed. There are three main tenses in English: past, present, and future. Understanding tenses is important for accurate and effective communication.


  • Past tense: She walked to the store.
  • Present tense: He is reading a book.
  • Future tense: They will arrive at noon.

Learn Struggling with English Grammar? Communicate Like a Pro

  1. Subject-verb agreement

Subject-verb agreement refers to the need for a verb to agree with the subject in number and person. For example, if the subject is singular, the verb should also be singular. Understanding subject-verb agreement is crucial for clear communication and avoiding errors.


  • Correct: The boy runs fast.
  • Incorrect: The boy run fast.english grammar
  1. Common grammar mistakes:

There are many common grammar mistakes that people make in English, such as using the wrong form of a verb, confusing homophones (words that sound the same but have different meanings), and failing to use proper punctuation. Understanding common mistakes and how to avoid them is essential for effective communication.


  • Incorrect: I seen that movie before.
  • Correct: I have seen that movie before.

Learn The 12 basic English tenses


  1. Why is grammar important?

Grammar is important because it provides a framework for organizing thoughts and ideas and enables us to express ourselves clearly and effectively. Good grammar is essential for clear communication, whether it’s in writing or speaking.

  1. How can I improve my grammar?

One of the best ways to improve your grammar is to practice regularly. Reading and writing regularly can help you become more familiar with the rules of grammar and how to use them effectively. You can also consider taking a grammar course or working with a tutor to improve your skills.

  1. What are some common grammar mistakes?

Some common grammar mistakes include using the wrong form of a verb, confusing homophones, and failing to use proper punctuation. Other common mistakes include subject-verb agreement errors and incorrect use of pronouns.

  1. What are the parts of speech?

The parts of speech include nouns, verbs, adjectives, adverbs, pronouns, prepositions, conjunctions, and interjections. Each part of speech plays a specific role in constructing sentences and expressing ideas.

  1. How can I avoid grammar mistakes?

To avoid grammar mistakes, there are a few things you can do:

  1. Read and write regularly: Reading and writing on a regular basis helps to improve your grammar skills. As you read more, you get a better understanding of how sentences are structured, and as you write more, you get better at forming grammatically correct sentences.
  2. Use grammar-checking tools: There are many grammar-checking tools available online, such as Grammarly, that can help you to identify grammar mistakes and correct them.
  3. Get feedback: Ask someone else to read your writing and give you feedback on any grammar mistakes they find. This could be a friend, family member, or even a professional editor.
  4. Practice: Like any skill, improving your grammar takes practice. Try to incorporate what you’ve learned into your writing and keep practicing until it becomes second nature.
  5. Take a course: If you’re really struggling with grammar, consider taking a course or workshop on basic English grammar. This can help you to get a solid foundation in grammar and build your skills from there.


Here are six authentic and genuine references related to English grammar:
  1. The Elements of Style by William Strunk Jr. and E.B. White – This classic book is considered one of the most comprehensive guides to English grammar and usage.
  2. The Chicago Manual of Style – This manual is a widely-used reference guide for writers, editors, and publishers, providing guidance on grammar, punctuation, and formatting.
  3. A Dictionary of Modern English Usage by H.W. Fowler – This reference book provides guidance on the proper use of English grammar, including common mistakes and tricky usage issues.
  4. The Blue Book of Grammar and Punctuation by Jane Straus – This comprehensive guide covers all aspects of English grammar and punctuation, providing clear explanations and helpful examples.
  5. English Grammar in Use by Raymond Murphy – This popular reference book is designed for English language learners and provides a clear and easy-to-understand overview of English grammar.
  6. Oxford English Grammar Course by Michael Swan and Catherine Walter – This course is designed for English language learners and covers all aspects of English grammar in a comprehensive and engaging way.

Written by Dr Faraz A. C

Dr. Faraz A. Chundiwala, a multifaceted professional, bridges the gap between healthcare, education, and marketing. His scientific background fuels his passion for empowering patients through clear communication and health education. Previously in education, Dr. Chundiwala fostered a love of STEM in students. Now, he leverages his marketing expertise to develop strategic healthcare and education brands.

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