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Obesity’s causes, BMI chart and treatment options

Obesity's Causes, BMI Chart

Do Obesity’s Causes, BMI Chart, and Treatment options really matter in your life? Basically, it is a medical condition in which excess body fat has accumulated to the extent that it may have an adverse effect on health. Obesity is defined by a body mass index (BMI) of 30 or higher.

In fact, obesity is associated with a number of serious health conditions, including diabetes, heart disease, and stroke. If it is not taken care then in some cases it can lead to a decrease in life expectancy. Some factors that can contribute to obesity, include genetics, unhealthy diet, and lack of physical activity. About treatment, it may include lifestyle changes, such as eating a healthy diet and increasing physical activity, as well as medications and weight loss surgery in severe cases.

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Obesity Body Mass Index (BMI) Chart

Actually, body mass index (BMI) is a measure of body fat based on height and weight. BMI is used to classify people as underweight, normal weight, overweight, or obese. You divide your weight in kilograms by your height in meters squared. You can also use a BMI calculator or look up your BMI on a BMI chart.

18.5 to 24.9 is the normal weight.

25 to 29.9 is overweight.

30 or higher is obese.

You should keep in mind that BMI is not a perfect measure of body fat. Because it can overestimate body fat in people who are very muscular and underestimate it in people who have lost muscle mass. Medical practitioners and diet consultants believe that BMI is a useful tool for assessing the risk of developing obesity-related health problems. You should use it in combination with other measures of body fat, such as waist circumference, skinfold thickness, and body fat percentage.

obesity, symptoms, bmi chart, causes, treatment

Obesity’s Causes, BMI Chart

BMI = weight (kg) / height (m)^2

For example, if you weigh 90 kilograms and are 1.8 meters tall, your BMI would be:

BMI = 90 / (1.8)^2 = 90 / 3.24 = 27.9

According to the BMI chart, a BMI of 27.9 is considered overweight.

You can calculate your exact BMI value in pounds, multiply your weight in pounds by 703, divide by your height in inches, then divide again by your height in inches.

Morbid obesity is defined as a BMI of 40 or higher. If your BMI is 40 or higher, you may be considered morbidly obese. But you should discuss this with your medical expert if you are concerned about your weight or if your BMI falls into the morbidly obese range.

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Obesity's Causes, BMI Chart

Obesity’s causes:

    • Unhealthy diet: Consuming a diet that is high in calories, sugar, and unhealthy fats can contribute to weight gain and obesity.
    • Physical inactivity: Not getting enough physical activity can lead to weight gain, as it can result in an imbalance between the number of calories consumed and the number of calories burned.
    • Genetics: Obesity can run in families, suggesting that genetic factors may play a role in its development.
    • Medical conditions: Certain medical conditions, such as hypothyroidism and polycystic ovary syndrome, can cause weight gain and obesity.
    • Medications: Some medications, such as steroids and antipsychotics, can cause weight gain as a side effect.
    • Psychological factors: Emotional or psychological issues, such as stress, depression, or anxiety, can lead to unhealthy eating habits and a lack of physical activity, which can contribute to obesity.

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 Symptoms of obesity:

    • Excess fat around the waist
    • Difficulty losing weight
    • Lack of energy or difficulty exercising
    • Shortness of breath or difficulty breathing
    • Snoring or sleep apnea
    • Joint pain or discomfort
    • Psychological distress, such as low self-esteem or depression

Types of obesity

Two main types of obesity such as central obesity and general obesity.

  • Central obesity:

Central obesity is also known as abdominal or visceral obesity. It is characterized by an excess of fat in the abdominal region, which surrounds the internal organs. This type of obesity is associated with an increased risk of developing serious health problems, such as diabetes, heart disease, and stroke.

  • General obesity:

General obesity is characterized by an excess of fat throughout the body. It is less common than central obesity and is not usually associated with the same level of health risks.

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    • Genetic obesity is caused by inherited genetic factors.
    • Endocrine obesity is because of an imbalance of hormones, such as thyroid hormone or growth hormone.
    • Psychogenic obesity is the result of emotional or psychological factors, such as stress or depression.
    • Drug-induced obesity is due to certain medications, such as steroids or antipsychotics.
    • Congenital obesity is present at birth and may be caused by genetic or environmental factors.

Obesity's Causes, BMI Chart

Physical health effects of obesity:

  • Greater risk of heart disease::

High blood pressure, high cholesterol, and diabetes.

  • Higher incidence of stroke:

Risk of having a stroke, particularly in women.

  • Increased risk of certain cancers:

Certain types of cancer, include breast, colon, and kidney cancer.

  • Type 2 diabetes:

A chronic condition that occurs when the body is unable to properly regulate blood sugar levels.

  • Osteoarthritis:

Extra strain on the joints, particularly the knees and hips, and increased risk of developing osteoarthritis.

  • Sleep apnea:

Fat in the neck and throat, can obstruct the airway and cause sleep apnea, a condition characterized by disrupted breathing during sleep.

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Mental health effects of obesity:

  • Low self-esteem:

Obesity, especially in children and adolescents, can result in a negative body image and low self-esteem.

  • Depression:

Studies have shown that people who are obese are more likely to experience depression than those who are at a healthy weight.

  • Social isolation:

It can lead to social isolation and discrimination, as people who are obese may be treated differently or excluded from certain activities.

What is the best treatment for obesity?

You know the best treatment for obesity will depend on the individual and the severity of your obesity. Treatment may include lifestyle changes, such as eating a healthy diet and increasing physical activity, as well as medications and weight loss surgery in severe cases.

  • Lifestyle changes:

Making healthy lifestyle changes is the most important step in the treatment of obesity. This may include eating a balanced diet that is low in calories and rich in fruits, vegetables, and lean proteins, and increasing physical activity. Your lifestyle may also involve making changes to your daily routine, such as reducing screen time, setting achievable weight loss goals, and seeking support from friends and family.

  • Medications:

In some cases, medications may be used to help with weight loss. These may include appetite suppressants, which help to reduce hunger and food cravings. As well as medications that interfere with the absorption of fat or carbohydrates.

  • Weight loss surgery:

Weight loss surgery may be recommended in severe cases of obesity. However, there are several types of weight loss surgery, including gastric bypass, gastric banding, and gastric sleeve surgery. These procedures work by reducing the size of the stomach or bypassing part of the small intestine. They can help to reduce the amount of food and calories that are consumed. People think about weight loss surgery which is usually reserved for individuals with a BMI of 40 or higher or for those with a BMI of 35 or higher. And also have serious health condition, such as diabetes or heart disease, that is related to obesity.

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Medical experts advised as there is no single treatment that is right for everyone, and the best approach will depend on your needs and circumstances. It’s therefore suggested to consult your medical expert to determine the most appropriate treatment for your specific situation of being obese.

Disclaimer: The content on this website is intended for informational purposes only and should not be taken as medical advice. Always consult with a qualified healthcare professional for personalized guidance regarding your health needs.

Written by Dr Faraz A. C

Dr. Faraz A. Chundiwala, a multifaceted professional, bridges the gap between healthcare, education, and marketing. His scientific background fuels his passion for empowering patients through clear communication and health education. Previously in education, Dr. Chundiwala fostered a love of STEM in students. Now, he leverages his marketing expertise to develop strategic healthcare and education brands.

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