How to Use Conjunctions in Sentences | Explore Now

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Discover the Use of Conjunctions in sentences

Effective communication involves not only expressing your thoughts and ideas clearly but also connecting them in a meaningful and coherent way. That’s where you learn how to use conjunctions. Conjunctions are essential tools for linking ideas and thoughts, enabling us to convey our messages more effectively. In this article, we will cover the following topics:

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Coordinating Conjunctions

Coordinating conjunctions are a type of conjunction that connects two or more words, phrases, or clauses of equal syntactic importance. They are also called coordinators or coordinative conjunctions.

There are seven coordinating conjunctions in English: For, And, Nor, But, Or, Yet, So, which are often remembered using the acronym FANBOYS.

Coordinating conjunctions are used to join words, phrases, and clauses to make the relationship between them clear. For example, “I went to the store and bought some groceries” uses the coordinating conjunction “and” to join the two independent clauses.

Other examples of coordinating conjunctions include:

She likes pizza, but he prefers pasta.

You can have cake or ice cream for dessert.

We studied hard, yet we failed the exam.

He didn’t come to the party, so we had to start without him.

Coordinating conjunctions are the main tool for writers to connect ideas and thoughts in a clear and concise way. They help to create a sense of balance and symmetry in a sentence, which can make it more effective and memorable.

Next, we’ll explore subordinating conjunctions and how they can be used to connect ideas in a different way.

Subordinating Conjunctions

Subordinating conjunctions are used to join a dependent clause to an independent clause, forming a complex sentence. The dependent clause cannot stand alone as a complete sentence, but instead relies on the independent clause for its meaning. These conjunctions often show the relationship between the two clauses, such as cause and effect or time sequence.

Examples of subordinating conjunctions include:










Here are some examples of subordinating conjunctions used in sentences:

Because it was raining, we decided to stay inside.

Although she was tired, she continued to work on the project.

While I was cooking dinner, my husband was setting the table.

If you need help, please let me know.

Since I moved to the city, I’ve been taking public transportation.

Until you finish your homework, you can’t watch TV.

After we finish eating, we’ll go for a walk.

Before I go to bed, I like to read for a few minutes.

As I was walking to the store, I saw my neighbor.

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Correlative Conjunctions

Correlative conjunctions are conjunctions that are used in pairs to connect words, phrases, and clauses. They work in a similar way to coordinating conjunctions, but they always come in pairs, and each pair has its own unique function.

Here are some examples of common correlative conjunctions:


used to connect two things that are true or valid at the same time, such as “Both the cat and the dog are sleeping.”


used to present two alternatives, indicating that only one of them can be true or valid, such as “You can either come with me or stay at home.”


used to present two alternatives, indicating that both of them are not true or valid, such as “Neither the teacher nor the students were happy with the results.”

not only…but also:

used to connect two things that are equally important, indicating that one thing does not diminish the importance of the other, such as “She is not only intelligent but also very kind.”

How to use Conjunctions Effectively

Conjunctions are essential tools for connecting ideas and thoughts in writing and communication. By effectively using conjunctions, writers can create a clear and logical flow in their writing, which enhances the reader’s understanding and engagement.

To use conjunctions effectively, it’s crucial to understand the context and purpose of the writing. Coordinating conjunctions like “and,” “or,” and “but” are best suited for joining words, phrases, and independent clauses. Subordinating conjunctions like “although,” “because,” and “while” are better used for connecting dependent clauses to independent clauses. Correlative conjunctions like “either…or,” “neither…nor,” and “both…and” are used to connect words, phrases, and clauses in pairs.

One of the most essential tips for using conjunctions effectively is to avoid overusing them. Using too many conjunctions can make writing appear cluttered and confusing. It’s also essential to use conjunctions that are appropriate to the context and meaning of the sentence. Choosing the right conjunction can help convey the intended meaning and tone of the sentence.

Common Mistakes

While conjunctions are incredibly useful for connecting ideas and making writing more coherent, there are some common mistakes that writers make when using them. Here are some tips on how to avoid these mistakes and use conjunctions effectively:

Avoid overusing conjunctions. While it’s clear to use conjunctions to connect ideas, using them too frequently can make your writing feel choppy and disjointed. Try to use conjunctions only when they are necessary for clarity or to show a relationship between ideas.

Use the right conjunction for the job. Each type of conjunction has its own unique function, so it’s crucial to choose the right one for the job. For example, use coordinating conjunctions to join two independent clauses, subordinating conjunctions to join dependent and independent clauses, and correlative conjunctions to join words, phrases, and clauses in pairs.

Be careful with comma usage. In some cases, conjunctions require a comma before them, such as when joining two independent clauses with a coordinating conjunction. However, subordinating conjunctions do not require a comma when joining a dependent clause to an independent clause. Make sure to use commas correctly to avoid confusion and improve clarity.

Learn More: how to make better English sentences, learn now

Essential Conjunctions: Meaning and Use in Example of a Sentence

Conjunctions are vital tools for connecting words, phrases, or clauses in sentences, enabling smoother communication and expressing various relationships between ideas. Here, we present 90 essential conjunctions along with their meanings and how to use each conjunction in a sentence:

  1. and: Connects similar ideas.

She enjoys reading, and he loves painting.

  1. but: Shows contrast or exception.

He studied hard, but the exam was still difficult.

  1. or: Presents alternatives.

You can choose tea or coffee for breakfast.

  1. so: Indicates cause and effect.

It was raining, so we stayed indoors.

  1. because: Explains the reason.

She wore a coat because it was cold outside.

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  1. Grammar Girl: This website offers clear and concise explanations on various grammar topics, including conjunctions. They provide tips and examples to help you master the usage of conjunctions in different contexts. Website:
  2. Online Writing Lab (OWL) – Purdue University: The OWL offers detailed resources on grammar and writing. Their section on conjunctions provides insights about how to use conjunctions to improve sentence structure and coherence. Website:
  3. English Club: English Club’s grammar section covers a wide range of topics, including conjunctions. They provide explanations, exercises, and quizzes to enhance your understanding of conjunction usage. Website:

Written by Maryam Qureshi

Maryam's career spans diverse industries, driven by an unwavering passion for the written word. Her journey is marked by the creation of compelling narratives for esteemed multinational companies. Maryam's expertise extends to the realms of recreation and leisure, establishing her as a trusted authority in recreation planning and execution. Whether crafting marketing strategies, weaving captivating narratives, or orchestrating recreation plans, she wields her pen like a magic wand, conjuring masterpieces that await discovery. Brace yourself to be enthralled, inspired, and entertained within the enchanting worlds she conjures through her words.

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