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100 Phrasal Verbs | How to Use Them Correctly

100 phrasal verbs

Mastering Phrasal Verbs:

Your Comprehensive Guide to Fluent Usage

Welcome to our comprehensive guide on mastering phrasal verbs, an essential aspect of achieving fluency in the English language. In this article, we will delve into the intricacies of phrasal verbs, their importance in English language proficiency, and how you can effectively use them to elevate your writing and speech.

What is a Phrasal Verb?

A phrasal verb is a combination of a verb and one or more particles (adverbs or prepositions). When these elements come together, they create a unique expression with a distinct meaning that may not be directly inferred from the individual components. Phrasal verbs are ubiquitous in the English language, making them a crucial area of study for those seeking to achieve fluency.

I. The Significance of Phrasal Verbs in English Language Proficiency….

Understanding and mastering phrasal verbs is paramount to achieving a high level of English language proficiency. Here are some reasons why phrasal verbs play a vital role in language learning:

1. Natural Language Usage

Native English speakers heavily rely on phrasal verbs in everyday conversation. Incorporating them into your vocabulary will make your speech more natural and authentic, facilitating better communication with native speakers.

2. Versatility and Expressiveness

Phrasal verbs offer versatility and expressiveness in language, enabling you to convey complex ideas and emotions more effectively. They allow you to add nuance to your sentences, making your writing more engaging and captivating.

3. Informal and Formal Contexts

While phrasal verbs are often associated with informal language, they are also prevalent in formal contexts, including academic and business settings. Understanding their appropriate usage will enhance your ability to adapt your language to different scenarios.

4. Comprehension Skills

Mastery of phrasal verbs will greatly improve your reading comprehension. Many texts, especially contemporary literature and news articles, heavily feature phrasal verbs. Familiarity with these expressions will enable you to grasp the intended meaning without confusion.

5. Enhanced Writing Style

Using phrasal verbs skillfully can elevate the quality of your writing. They add depth and sophistication to your prose, making it more engaging and professional.

Learn more: Explore now the Prerequisites/tips to learn English tenses

II. Types of Phrasal Verbs and Their Characteristics

Phrasal verbs can be categorized into four main types based on their object dependency and the flexibility of their components. Let’s explore each type:

1. Transitive Phrasal Verbs: Understanding Their Object-Dependency

Transitive phrasal verbs require an object to complete their meaning. The object usually comes after the particle, and it is essential for conveying the full action. Examples of transitive phrasal verbs:

  • Put off: She put off the meeting until next week.
  • Take in: The tour guide took us in the beautiful scenery.
  • Call off: The organizers called off the event due to bad weather.

100 phrasal verbs

2. Intransitive Phrasal Verbs: Grasping Their Subject-Only Nature

Intransitive phrasal verbs do not require an object to complete their meaning. The action is complete without any additional object. Examples of intransitive phrasal verbs:

  • Wake up: I woke up early this morning.
  • Arrive at: The train arrived at the station.
  • Run away: The scared cat ran away from the loud noise.

3. Separable Phrasal Verbs: Exploring the Flexibility of Separable Components

Separable phrasal verbs allow the object to be placed between the main verb and the particle or after the particle. Examples of separable phrasal verbs:

  • Turn off: She turned the lights off before going to bed.
  • Look up: I looked the word up in the dictionary.
  • Fill in: He filled the form in with his personal details.

4. Inseparable Phrasal Verbs: Analyzing Fixed Components for Emphasis

Inseparable phrasal verbs do not allow the object to separate the main verb and the particle. The object always comes after the complete phrasal verb. Examples of inseparable phrasal verbs:

  • Catch on: The new concept quickly caught on among the students.
  • Break down: The car unexpectedly broke down on the highway.
  • Count on: You can always count on her support in difficult times.

Understanding the types and characteristics of phrasal verbs can enhance your language proficiency and allow you to use them with confidence. Practice conjugating and using phrasal verbs in various contexts to master their usage effectively.

Stay tuned for the next section, where we will delve deeper into common phrasal verbs used in everyday conversations and academic settings. Phrasal verbs are an integral part of English communication, and mastering them will undoubtedly elevate your language skills.

III. How to Master Phrasal Verbs

Now that we’ve established the importance of phrasal verbs, let’s explore effective strategies to master them and seamlessly incorporate them into your language repertoire.

Contextual Understanding

One of the best ways to learn phrasal verbs is through contextual understanding. Pay close attention to how these expressions are used in various sentences and texts. Observe the situations in which they are employed and the emotions they convey.

Pay Attention to Prepositions

The prepositions used in phrasal verbs are essential to their meanings. Be mindful of the prepositions and how they alter the verb’s sense. For example, “look up” and “look for” have distinct meanings.

Listen and Observe

Pay attention to how native speakers use phrasal verbs in real-life conversations and media. This exposure will help you grasp their usage more naturally.

Read Widely

Expose yourself to a wide range of English materials, including books, articles, and blogs. As you encounter phrasal verbs in their natural habitat, take note of their usage and nuances. Reading extensively will expose you to different styles and contexts, enriching your vocabulary.

Use Phrasal Verbs in Writing

Incorporate phrasal verbs into your writing to make it more engaging and dynamic. However, ensure they fit the overall tone and style of your content.

Break Down Complex Phrasal Verbs

If you come across complex phrasal verbs, break them down into individual components to understand their meanings better.

Learn Synonyms and Antonyms

Expand your knowledge by learning synonyms and antonyms for common phrasal verbs. This will give you more options to express yourself effectively.

Practice in Conversation

Creating flashcards with phrasal verbs and their meanings can be a helpful memorization technique. Write the phrasal verb on one side and its definition on the other. Review these flashcards regularly to reinforce your learning. Be comfortable using phrasal verbs in various tenses, including past, present, and future. This versatility will enhance your language proficiency. Engage in conversations with native speakers or language partners and try using phrasal verbs in appropriate contexts. This hands-on approach will solidify your understanding and boost your confidence.

 

Grouping Phrasal Verbs by Their Most Common Context…

VII. Phrasal Verbs and Prepositions

Phrasal verbs often include prepositions, and understanding the correct preposition to use is crucial for their accurate usage. Here are some common phrasal verbs along with the prepositions they are paired with:

  • Account for: To explain or justify. Example: The witness couldn’t account for his whereabouts during the crime.
  • Back away: To move backward in fear or caution. Example: The timid deer backed away when it saw the approaching human.
  • Call for: To require or demand. Example: The challenging situation calls for immediate action.
  • Deal with: To handle or manage. Example: The manager had to deal with a difficult employee.
  • Fill up: To make something full. Example: Don’t forget to fill up the gas tank before the trip.
  • Get by: To manage or survive with limited resources. Example: Despite financial difficulties, they were able to get by.
  • Hold on: To wait or pause. Example: Hold on for a moment while I find the information.
  • Look after: To take care of or supervise. Example: Can you look after the kids while I run errands?
  • Point out: To indicate or draw attention to something. Example: The teacher pointed out the main themes in the novel.
  • Run out: To deplete the supply of something. Example: We’ve run out of milk, so I need to buy more.

VIII. Phrasal Verbs for Everyday Conversations

Phrasal verbs are commonly used in everyday conversations. Here are some practical phrasal verbs you might encounter in daily life:

  • Ask for: To request something. Example: Don’t hesitate to ask for help if you need it.
  • Back off: To retreat or move away from a confrontation. Example: The aggressive dog backed off when the owner called it.
  • Call up: To make a phone call. Example: I’ll call up my friend to invite him to the party.
  • Drop off: To deliver or leave someone or something at a specific location. Example: Can you drop off this package at the post office for me?
  • Go over: To review or examine in detail. Example: Let’s go over the main points of the presentation one more time.
  • Hold back: To restrain or withhold. Example: She had to hold back her tears during the emotional speech.
  • Look up to: To admire or respect someone. Example: As a kid, I used to look up to my older sister.
  • Put off: To postpone or delay. Example: The meeting was put off until next week due to scheduling conflicts.
  • Run into: To unexpectedly encounter someone or something. Example: I ran into an old friend at the grocery store.
  • Take on: To assume responsibility or accept a challenge. Example: She decided to take on the role of team captain.

IX. Phrasal Verbs for Work and Business

In professional settings, phrasal verbs are frequently used. Here are some phrasal verbs that are commonly encountered in work and business contexts:

  • Bring in: To introduce or generate new business or income. Example: The new marketing campaign will bring in more customers.
  • Calm down: To become less agitated or anxious. Example: The manager tried to calm down the upset employee.
  • Cut back: To reduce expenses or spending. Example: The company had to cut back on its budget due to economic challenges.
  • Get ahead: To progress in one’s career or achieve success. Example: With hard work and dedication, you can get ahead in your profession.
  • Lay off: To terminate someone’s employment due to economic reasons. Example: The company had to lay off several employees during the recession.
  • Put up with: To tolerate or endure a difficult situation or person. Example: She couldn’t put up with her colleague’s constant complaining.
  • Set up: To establish or arrange something. Example: They are planning to set up a new branch of the company.
  • Take over: To assume control or responsibility for something. Example: The new CEO will take over the company next month.
  • Work out: To resolve or find a solution to a problem. Example: The team had to work out the logistical challenges.
  • Bring up: To mention or introduce a topic in a conversation or meeting. Example: The manager decided to bring up the issue during the staff meeting.

X. Phrasal Verbs for Travel and Leisure

During your travels and leisure activities, you’ll likely come across phrasal verbs related to these experiences:

  • Check out: To examine or inspect something. Example: Before booking the hotel, check out the reviews online.
  • Drop by: To visit someone casually and unexpectedly. Example: If you’re in the area, feel free to drop by for a cup of coffee.
  • Get away: To escape or take a vacation. Example: We need to get away from the city and relax in nature.
  • Log in: To access an online account or system. Example: You need to log in to your email to read the message.
  • Set off: To begin a journey or trip. Example: We’ll set off early in the morning to avoid traffic.
  • Stay over: To spend the night at someone else’s house or accommodation. Example: My cousin will stay over at our place during her visit.
  • Take off: To leave the ground, especially for an aircraft. Example: The plane will take off shortly after boarding is complete.
  • Turn up: To arrive or appear at a place. Example: She didn’t turn up at the party, so we were worried.
  • Wind down: To relax and unwind, especially after a busy day. Example: After work, she likes to wind down by reading a book.
  • Get in: To arrive at a destination or home. Example: We got in just before it started raining.

XI. Phrasal Verbs for Relationships

In relationships, phrasal verbs can be used to express emotions and interactions. Here are some phrasal verbs commonly used in this context:

  • Break up: To end a romantic relationship. Example: After many arguments, they decided to break up.
  • Come across: To encounter or meet someone by chance. Example: He came across an old friend while shopping.
  • Fall for: To be strongly attracted to someone or something. Example: She couldn’t help but fall for his charm.
  • Get along: To have a harmonious relationship with someone. Example: They get along really well, like best friends.
  • Look up to: To admire and respect someone. Example: Children often look up to their parents as role models.
  • Make up: To reconcile after an argument or disagreement. Example: They quickly made up after their quarrel.
  • Open up: To reveal one’s thoughts and feelings. Example: He finally opened up about his struggles.
  • Stand by: To support and remain loyal to someone. Example: Even in difficult times, she stood by her friend.
  • Take care of: To look after or be responsible for someone’s well-being. Example: As an elder brother, he always takes care of his younger siblings.
  • Work on: To make an effort to improve a relationship. Example: They decided to work on their communication issues.

XII. Phrasal Verbs for Health and Wellness

Phrasal verbs are also used in discussions related to health and wellness. Here are some examples:

  • Break out: To develop skin imperfections, like acne or rashes. Example: She broke out in hives after eating something allergic.
  • Come down with: To become ill with a specific disease or illness. Example: He came down with the flu and had to stay home.
  • Get over: To recover from an illness or emotional setback. Example: It took her some time to get over the breakup.
  • Pass out: To lose consciousness temporarily. Example: The heat was unbearable, and she passed out.
  • Shape up: To improve one’s health or physical condition. Example: He decided to shape up and start going to the gym.
  • Take up: To start a new hobby or activity for health reasons. Example: She took up yoga to reduce stress and improve flexibility.
  • Weigh in: To measure one’s weight, often in a professional setting. Example: The athletes weighed in before the competition.
  • Work out: To engage in physical exercise for health and fitness. Example: They work out together at the gym three times a week.
  • Break down: To suffer a physical or mental collapse due to stress. Example: The pressure was too much, and she broke down in tears.
  • Fight off: To resist and overcome an illness or infection. Example: With proper medication, he managed to fight off the cold.

100-phrasal-verbs

XIII. Phrasal Verbs for Technology and the Internet

As technology plays an increasingly significant role in our lives, phrasal verbs related to technology and the internet are becoming more common. Here are some examples:

  • Log on: To access a computer system or website by entering credentials. Example: I’ll log on to the platform to check my emails.
  • Back up: To make a copy of data for safety or recovery purposes. Example: It’s essential to back up your important files regularly.
  • Go offline: To disconnect from the internet or a digital network. Example: During vacation, she prefers to go offline and enjoy some relaxation.
  • Set up: To configure or install a device or software. Example: He helped her set up the new printer in the office.
  • Turn off: To shut down or power off a device or appliance. Example: Don’t forget to turn off the lights before leaving.
  • Log out: To exit from an online account or system. Example: For security, always log out of your accounts after use.
  • Plug in: To connect an electronic device to a power source. Example: Plug in your phone to charge while you work.
  • Run out of: To deplete the supply of something, especially digital resources. Example: We ran out of data during our road trip.
  • Turn on: To activate or power on an electronic device. Example: You can turn on the TV to catch the latest news.
  • Download: To transfer data or files from the internet to a local device. Example: She decided to download the new mobile app.

XIV. Phrasal Verbs for Education

Education is a crucial aspect of personal growth and development. Phrasal verbs play a significant role in the language of learning and teaching. In this section, we will explore some common phrasal verbs related to education:

  • Look up: To research or find information in a reference source. Example: If you’re unsure about the meaning of a word, you can always look it up in the dictionary.
  • Take in: To understand and absorb information or knowledge. Example: The students were eager to take in all the new concepts presented in the lecture.
  • Go over: To review or revise study material thoroughly. Example: Before the exam, it’s essential to go over your notes and textbooks.
  • Put forth: To present or propose an idea or argument. Example: The student put forth a compelling case during the debate.
  • Stand out: To be noticeably different or exceptional. Example: Her exceptional writing skills made her essay stand out among the others.
  • Brush up: To refresh one’s knowledge or skills in a particular subject. Example: During the summer break, she decided to brush up on her math.
  • Catch on: To grasp or understand a concept or idea quickly. Example: With the teacher’s explanations, the students were able to catch on to the new concept.

XV. Phrasal Verbs for Problem-Solving

Phrasal verbs are also employed when discussing solutions to problems or challenges. Here are some commonly used phrasal verbs for problem-solving:

  • Sort out: To resolve or deal with a problem effectively. Example: The team had a meeting to sort out the issues in the project.
  • Figure out: To find a solution or understand a complex problem. Example: After hours of research, she finally figured out the equation.
  • Work through: To overcome or address difficulties step by step. Example: The therapist helped him work through his emotional struggles.
  • Come up with: To devise or produce a solution or idea. Example: The team collaborated to come up with a creative marketing strategy.
  • Narrow down: To reduce options or possibilities to a specific set. Example: After extensive research, they managed to narrow down the choices.
  • Sort through: To organize and categorize items or information. Example: She needed to sort through the documents on her desk.
  • Break through: To overcome obstacles or barriers. Example: After months of hard work, they finally broke through the challenges.
  • Smooth over: To resolve a conflict or disagreement diplomatically. Example: The manager tried to smooth over the tension between team members.
  • Get around: To find a way to overcome a problem or obstacle. Example: They managed to get around the traffic by taking a different route.
  • Overcome: To successfully deal with or conquer a difficulty or fear. Example: With determination, he was able to overcome his fear of public speaking.

XVI. Phrasal Verbs for Financial Matters

Phrasal verbs are commonly used when discussing financial matters. Here are some examples:

  • Save up: To accumulate money for a specific purpose or goal. Example: She started to save up for her dream vacation.
  • Pay off: To successfully settle a debt or loan. Example: After years of hard work, he finally paid off his student loans.
  • Cut back: To reduce expenses in order to save money. Example: During tough times, they decided to cut back on non-essential spending.
  • Invest in: To put money into a business or asset to gain a return. Example: He decided to invest in stocks for long-term financial growth.
  • Live off: To depend on a certain income or resources for survival. Example: After retiring, they lived off their pension and savings.
  • Run out of: To deplete one’s supply of money or resources. Example: They unexpectedly ran out of funds while traveling abroad.
  • Bring in: To earn or generate income or revenue. Example: The new product launch will bring in substantial profits.
  • Splash out: To spend a large amount of money on something extravagant. Example: They decided to splash out on a luxurious vacation.
  • Write off: To consider a debt as uncollectible or a loss. Example: The company had to write off the unpaid invoices as bad debt.
  • Break even: To reach a point where income equals expenses. Example: After covering all costs, they managed to break even in their first year of business.

XVII. Phrasal Verbs for Legal Matters

Legal matters often involve the use of specific phrasal verbs. Here are some commonly used ones:

  • Draw up: To prepare or create a legal document or contract. Example: The lawyer drew up the agreement between the parties.
  • Settle down: To resolve a legal dispute out of court. Example: The parties decided to settle down and avoid a lengthy trial.
  • Go through: To examine or review legal documents thoroughly. Example: Before signing, they carefully went through the terms of the contract.
  • Hand over: To transfer ownership or possession of something legally. Example: The seller handed over the deed to the new homeowner.
  • Take to court: To bring a legal case against someone in a court of law. Example: They decided to take the company to court for breach of contract.
  • Rule in favor of: To make a legal decision in support of someone in a dispute. Example: The judge ruled in favor of the plaintiff in the lawsuit.
  • Throw out: To reject or dismiss a legal case or argument. Example: The judge threw out the evidence as inadmissible.
  • Appeal against: To challenge a legal decision by seeking a higher court’s review. Example: They decided to appeal against the court’s verdict.
  • Pay damages: To compensate for harm or loss caused by legal wrongdoing. Example: The defendant was ordered to pay damages to the injured party.
  • Stand trial: To face legal proceedings in a court of law. Example: The accused will stand trial for the alleged crime.

XVIII. Phrasal Verbs for Emotional Expressions

Emotions and feelings are often conveyed using phrasal verbs. Here are some examples:

  • Cheer up: To become happier or to make someone feel better. Example: She tried to cheer up her friend with a surprise gift.
  • Break down: To lose control of one’s emotions and cry or become upset. Example: After receiving the bad news, she broke down in tears.
  • Get over: To recover emotionally from a difficult experience. Example: It took her a long time to get over the loss of a loved one.
  • Hold back: To restrain or suppress one’s emotions. Example: He tried to hold back his tears during the sad movie.
  • Turn away: To avoid or refuse to face a difficult emotion or situation. Example: She turned away from the painful memories of the past.
  • Light up: To display a bright and happy expression, often in response to something pleasant. Example: The children’s faces lit up when they saw the surprise gifts.
  • Calm down: To become less agitated or anxious. Example: The soothing music helped him calm down after a stressful day.
  • Warm up: To become more affectionate or responsive emotionally. Example: The dog warmed up to its new owner after spending time together.
  • Brighten up: To become happier or more optimistic. Example: The sunny weather brightened up everyone’s mood.
  • Let down: To disappoint someone or fail to meet their expectations. Example: He felt hurt when his friend let him down by not showing up.

XIX. Phrasal Verbs for Time Management

Efficient time management is crucial in various aspects of life. Here are some phrasal verbs related to time:

  • Run out of time: To reach the end of a period without completing a task. Example: I ran out of time and couldn’t finish the project on time.
  • Set aside: To allocate time for a specific activity or task. Example: She set aside a few hours each day for studying.
  • Put off: To delay or postpone an event or task to a later time. Example: Due to unforeseen circumstances, they had to put off the meeting.
  • Make up for: To compensate for lost time or make amends for a delay. Example: He worked extra hours to make up for the time he missed.
  • Free up: To create spare time or become available for other tasks. Example: By delegating some tasks, she was able to free up more time for herself.
  • Carve out: To set aside or create dedicated time for a specific purpose. Example: She managed to carve out time for her hobbies amidst her busy schedule.
  • Chop and change: To make frequent and unpredictable changes to one’s plans. Example: His indecisiveness caused him to chop and change his schedule repeatedly.
  • Fill in: To use available time by doing a task that needs to be done. Example: While waiting for the bus, she decided to fill in her crossword puzzle.
  • Take up: To begin an activity or hobby as a way to utilize spare time. Example: He took up painting to unwind during weekends.
  • Count down: To anticipate an event by counting the remaining days or hours. Example: They eagerly counted down the days until their vacation.

XX. Phrasal Verbs for Effective Communication

Effective communication is essential in various situations. Here are some phrasal verbs related to communication:

  • Speak up: To express oneself more clearly and assertively. Example: Don’t be afraid to speak up during the meeting if you have ideas.
  • Get across: To successfully convey a message or idea to others. Example: The speaker used visuals to get across the main points of the presentation.
  • Listen in: To listen to a conversation or discussion without actively participating. Example: She listened in on the phone call to gather information.
  • Talk over: To discuss something thoroughly with someone before making a decision. Example: They decided to talk it over before accepting the job offer.
  • Break in: To interrupt a conversation or discussion. Example: He broke in with an important question during the discussion.
  • Cut off: To abruptly end a conversation or connection. Example: The phone call was cut off due to poor signal reception.
  • Get back to: To contact someone again later with more information or answers. Example: I’ll get back to you tomorrow with the details.
  • Speak out: To express one’s opinions or concerns openly and honestly. Example: It’s important to speak out against injustice and inequality.
  • Reach out to: To contact someone, usually for help, advice, or support. Example: She decided to reach out to her mentor for career guidance.
  • Break the ice: To initiate a conversation in a friendly and relaxed manner. Example: The host tried to break the ice by telling a funny story.

XXI. Phrasal Verbs for Personal Growth and Development

Personal growth and development are ongoing processes. Here are some phrasal verbs related to this aspect:

  • Take on: To accept new challenges or responsibilities. Example: She was eager to take on the leadership role.
  • Step up: To increase efforts or commitment to achieve a goal. Example: In times of crisis, he was ready to step up and lead the team.
  • Push through: To persevere and overcome obstacles or difficulties. Example: Despite setbacks, they managed to push through and complete the project.
  • Break through: To achieve a significant and positive change or accomplishment. Example: After years of hard work, she finally broke through in her career.
  • Set back: To experience a delay or obstacle that hinders progress. Example: The unexpected setback did not deter her determination.
  • Live up to: To fulfill or meet the expectations or standards set by oneself or others. Example: She always strives to live up to her family’s expectations.
  • Build on: To use past experiences or knowledge as a foundation for growth. Example: They planned to build on their previous success for future projects.
  • Take in: To absorb new information or knowledge. Example: The students were eager to take in all the new concepts presented.
  • Shape up: To improve or progress in a positive direction. Example: After receiving feedback, he knew he had to shape up his performance.
  • Face up to: To confront and deal with challenges or problems directly. Example: It’s time to face up to the reality of the situation and make necessary changes.

 

XXII. Phrasal Verbs for Success and Achievement

Success and achievement often involve using specific phrasal verbs to describe the journey towards one’s goals. Here are some commonly used phrasal verbs in this context:

  • Work toward: To make efforts and progress in achieving a specific goal. Example: She has been working toward her dream of becoming a doctor.
  • Reach for: To strive for something challenging or ambitious. Example: Don’t be afraid to reach for your highest aspirations.
  • Pull off: To successfully accomplish a challenging task or goal. Example: Despite the odds, they managed to pull off a remarkable performance.
  • Get ahead: To make progress and achieve success in one’s career or life. Example: By continuously learning and adapting, she was able to get ahead.
  • Press on: To persist and continue moving forward despite obstacles. Example: When faced with challenges, they chose to press on with determination.
  • Rise above: To overcome difficulties and achieve success despite adversity. Example: He managed to rise above his difficult past and build a successful life.
  • Climb up: To move upward in a hierarchy or career. Example: With hard work and dedication, she was able to climb up the corporate ladder.
  • Break barriers: To overcome obstacles and limitations to achieve something groundbreaking. Example: The scientist’s research broke barriers in the field of medicine.
  • Make a breakthrough: To achieve a significant and decisive advancement in a particular area. Example: After years of research, they finally made a breakthrough in technology.
  • Win over: To gain support, approval, or admiration from others. Example: With his charisma and talent, he was able to win over the audience.

Phrasal Verbs in Statements: Creating Impactful Expressions

Phrasal verbs can add depth and impact to your statements. When used appropriately, they can make your language more expressive and engaging. Here are some examples of phrasal verbs in statements:

  1. “The team carried out extensive market research before launching the product.”
  2. “She broke down the complex topic into simple explanations for the audience.”
  3. “He came across an interesting article while browsing the internet.”
  4. “The company is phasing out the old manufacturing process to adopt greener alternatives.”

Learn How to Use Phrasal Verbs in Questions: Engaging in Conversations

Phrasal verbs can be employed effectively in questions to initiate engaging conversations. They add a natural flow to your speech and make the questions more interesting. Here are some examples:

  1. “Have you looked into the new job opportunities in the market?”
  2. “How do you deal with stress in your daily life?”
  3. “Are you up for trying out the new restaurant in town?”
  4. “Did you run into any old friends at the party last night?”

Learn How to Employ Phrasal Verbs in Commands: Communicating Assertively

Phrasal verbs can be used in commands to communicate assertively and with clarity. They can make your instructions more direct and effective. Here are some examples:

  1. “Please turn off all electronic devices during the flight.”
  2. “Don’t forget to hand in your assignments before the deadline.”
  3. “Let’s get started on the project right away.”
  4. “You should write down all the important details for future reference.”

Learn How to Use Phrasal Verbs in the Passive Voice: Navigating Formal Writing

In formal writing, the passive voice is often used to focus on the action rather than the subject. Phrasal verbs can also be used in the passive voice to convey information more objectively. Here are some examples:

  1. “The new policy will be rolled out across all branches next month.”
  2. “The data was sorted out meticulously before analysis.”
  3. “Several questions were brought up during the Q&A session.”
  4. “The issue has been looked into by the technical team.”

100 phrasal verbs

XXIII. 100 Common Phrasal Verbs, Meanings, and Usage

Phrasal verbs are essential components of the English language, adding depth and versatility to communication. In this section, we will explore 100 common phrasal verbs, along with their meanings and usage

Example:  s, to enhance your language proficiency.

A

Ask out: To invite someone on a date or social event.

Example:   He finally mustered the courage to ask out his crush.

Add up: To make sense or be logical.

Example:   The evidence didn’t add up, and the detective continued investigating.

Account for: To explain or justify.

Example:   The witness couldn’t account for his whereabouts during the crime.

Act up: To misbehave or malfunction.

Example:   The computer started to act up right before an important presentation.

Agree with: To have the same opinion or be in harmony with someone.

Example:   I agree with you that the new policy is beneficial.

Ask for: To request something.

Example:   Don’t hesitate to ask for help if you need it.

Answer back: To reply rudely or disrespectfully.

Example:   The student was reprimanded for answering back to the teacher.

Ask around: To inquire or seek information from various people.

Example:   He decided to ask around to find the best restaurant in town.

Act out: To express emotions through behavior, often inappropriately.

Example:   The child acted out when he didn’t get what he wanted.

Arrive at: To reach a decision or solution.

Example:   After much discussion, they arrived at a consensus.

B

Break down: To stop functioning, emotionally collapse, or fail to progress.

Example:   The car broke down on the highway, and they had to call for help.

Break in: To enter a building forcibly, usually with the intent to steal.

Example:   The burglars attempted to break in through the back door.

Break up: To end a romantic relationship.

Example:   After many arguments, they decided to break up.

Back down: To withdraw or retreat from a position or argument.

Example:   He was stubborn at first, but eventually, he backed down.

Back up: To support or reinforce.

Example:   The data backed up the scientist’s hypothesis.

Bring up: To mention or introduce a topic in a conversation or meeting.

Example:   The manager decided to bring up the issue during the staff meeting.

Blow up: To explode or become extremely angry.

Example:   The firework factory blew up, causing significant damage.

Break out: To escape or appear suddenly, often referring to something undesirable.

Example:   A fire broke out in the building, and everyone had to evacuate.

Back away: To move backward in fear or caution.

Example:   The timid deer backed away when it saw the approaching human.

Bring in: To introduce or generate new business or income.

Example:   The new marketing campaign will bring in more customers.

C

Call off: To cancel or postpone an event or activity.

Example:   Due to bad weather, they had to call off the outdoor concert.

Come up with: To produce or create an idea or solution.

Example:   She came up with a brilliant plan to tackle the problem.

Check in: To register or arrive at a hotel or airport.

Example:   After a long flight, they checked in at the hotel.

Catch up: To reach the same level or status as others.

Example:   She worked hard to catch up with her classmates.

Carry on: To continue doing something.

Example:   Despite the challenges, they decided to carry on with the project.

Calm down: To become less agitated or anxious.

Example:   The manager tried to calm down the upset employee.

Come across: To encounter or meet someone by chance.

Example:   He came across an old friend while shopping.

Cut down on: To reduce the amount or frequency of something.

Example:   He decided to cut down on sugary snacks for better health.

Cut off: To disconnect or isolate from communication or supplies.

Example:   The storm cut off the electricity for several hours.

Come over: To visit someone’s home or location.

Example:   She came over to see how he was doing.

D

Drop off: To deliver or leave someone or something at a specific location.

Example:   Can you drop off this package at the post office for me?

Do without: To manage or survive without something.

Example:   During the camping trip, they had to do without electricity.

Die out: To become extinct or disappear completely.

Example:   Some species died out due to environmental changes.

Deal with: To handle or manage.

Example:   The manager needed to deal with the customer’s complaint.

Draw up: To prepare or create a written document, plan, or contract.

Example:   The lawyer drew up the agreement for the business partners.

Dress up: To wear formal or special attire.

Example:   They decided to dress up for the elegant dinner party.

Drop by: To visit someone informally and unexpectedly.

Example:   Feel free to drop by anytime you’re in the neighborhood.

Dry up: To become completely dry or stop flowing.

Example:   The river dried up during the drought.

Dress down: To wear more casual or informal clothing.

Example:   On Fridays, the office allows employees to dress down.

Deal in: To engage in a particular type of business or trade.

Example:   The company deals in importing rare gemstones.

E

End up: To arrive at or reach a certain place or situation, usually unexpectedly.

Example:   Despite the detour, they ended up at a beautiful beach.

Eat out: To have a meal at a restaurant instead of cooking at home.

Example:   Let’s eat out tonight to celebrate your promotion.

Eke out: To barely manage to obtain or achieve something.

Example:   With careful budgeting, they could eke out a modest living.

Engage in: To participate or take part in an activity.

Example:   The students were encouraged to engage in extracurricular clubs.

Ease off: To decrease or reduce in intensity.

Example:   The rain started to ease off as they reached the shelter.

Enter into: To become involved in or start a new situation or contract.

Example:   The company decided to enter into a partnership with a foreign firm.

Empty out: To remove all contents from something.

Example:   They emptied out the storage room to make space for new items.

Ease up: To relax or become less strict.

Example:   After the exams, the teacher decided to ease up on assignments.

Embark on: To start or begin an important journey or project.

Example:   They embarked on a mission to build a sustainable community.

Eye up: To look at someone or something with admiration or desire.

Example:   She couldn’t help but eye up the beautiful artwork.

 

F

Find out: To discover or learn new information.

Example:   I need to find out the time of the meeting.

Fall apart: To break into pieces or disintegrate.

Example:   The old book started to fall apart due to its age.

Figure out: To understand or solve a problem or mystery.

Example:  It took her a while to figure out the math equation.

Fill up: To make something full or complete.

Example:  Please fill up the gas tank before we leave.

Fix up: To repair or improve something.

Example:  They decided to fix up the old house and sell it.

Focus on: To concentrate or give attention to something.

Example:  During the presentation, we will focus on key points.

Free up: To make something available or release from obligation.

Example:  The new system will free up more time for employees.

Frown upon: To disapprove or show disfavor toward something.

Example:  The school administration frowns upon cheating.

Get along: To have a friendly relationship with someone.

Example:  Despite their differences, they get along well.

Give up: To quit or stop trying to do something.

Example:  Don’t give up on your dreams; keep pursuing them.

G

Get over: To recover from an illness, setback, or emotional distress.

Example:  It took him some time to get over the loss of his pet.

Go on: To continue or proceed with an activity or event.

Example:  The show must go on despite the technical difficulties.

Grow up: To mature or reach adulthood.

Example:  He always wanted to grow up to be a firefighter.

Give away: To give something as a gift or for free.

Example:  They decided to give away their old furniture to charity.

Go through: To experience or undergo a difficult or challenging situation.

Example:  She had to go through a series of interviews for the job.

Give in: To surrender or yield to someone’s request or demand.

Example:  After much persuasion, she finally gave in.

Get by: To manage or survive with limited resources.

Example:  Despite financial challenges, they managed to get by.

Go off: To explode, make a loud noise, or become rotten.

Example:  The fire alarm went off when there was smoke.

Give off: To emit or produce something, such as a smell or light.

Example:  The flowers give off a pleasant fragrance.

Get across: To communicate or make something understood.

Example:  The speaker struggled to get his message across clearly.

H

Hold on: To wait for a moment or pause before continuing.

Example:  Please hold on for a second; I’ll be right back.

Hang out: To spend time socially with friends or in a relaxed manner.

Example:  They like to hang out at the coffee shop after work.

Hand out: To distribute or give something to others.

Example:  The teacher handed out the test papers to the students.

Hurry up: To do something quickly or move faster.

Example:  We need to hurry up; the movie starts in ten minutes.

Hold back: To restrain or prevent something from happening.

Example:  He tried to hold back his tears during the emotional speech.

Hold up: To delay or hinder progress.

Example:  Traffic congestion held up our arrival at the airport.

Hand in: To submit or deliver something, especially paperwork or assignments.

Example:  Don’t forget to hand in your homework by tomorrow.

Hear from: To receive communication or news from someone.

Example:  I haven’t heard from my brother in a while.

Hit on: To flirt or make advances toward someone romantically.

Example:  He was trying to hit on her at the party.

Hold off: To delay or postpone an action or event.

Example:  They decided to hold off the meeting until next week.

I

Invite over: To ask someone to visit or come to one’s place.

Example:  They decided to invite their friends over for dinner.

Iron out: To resolve or settle problems or disagreements.

Example:  The negotiation team worked to iron out the contract terms.

Itch for: To have a strong desire or craving for something.

Example:  She was itching for a slice of pizza.

Introduce to: To make someone familiar with or present them to something or someone.

Example:  The manager will introduce you to the new team members.

Inquire about: To ask for information about something.

Example:  She called to inquire about the availability of the product.

Insist on: To demand or assert firmly.

Example:  He insisted on taking the lead in the project.

Invest in: To put money or resources into a venture or asset.

Example:  They decided to invest in the stock market.

Identify with: To relate to or feel a connection with someone or something.

Example:  The audience could identify with the main character in the movie.

Issue with: To have a problem or disagreement with something.

Example:  The team had an issue with the new policy.

Illuminate with: To light or brighten with illumination.

Example:  The street lamps illuminate the entire road.

J

Jump at: To eagerly accept or seize an opportunity.

Example:  When the job offer came, she jumped at the chance.

Join in: To participate or become a part of an activity or group.

Example:  The kids were excited to join in the game.

Jot down: To quickly write or make a brief note of something.

Example:  He jotted down the important points during the lecture.

Jerk around: To treat someone rudely or with disrespect.

Example:  Don’t jerk around your younger siblings; be kind to them.

Juggle between: To manage or handle multiple tasks or responsibilities.

Example:  She had to juggle between work and family commitments.

Jump in: To start doing something without hesitation.

Example:  When they needed help, he jumped in to assist.

Jack up: To increase the price or cost of something significantly.

Example:  The retailer jacked up the prices during the sale.

Judge by: To form an opinion or assessment based on specific criteria.

Example:  Don’t judge him by his appearance alone; get to know him better.

Jam up: To cause a situation or process to become stuck or congested.

Example:  The traffic accident jammed up the entire highway.

Jab at: To make a quick and pointed remark about someone or something.

Example:  He couldn’t resist jabbing at his friend’s funny hat.

K

Knock out: To make someone unconscious or defeat them easily.

Example:  The boxer managed to knock out his opponent in the first round.

Keep on: To continue doing something persistently or repeatedly.

Example:  Despite the challenges, they decided to keep on trying.

Kick off: To start or begin an event, activity, or game.

Example:  The concert will kick off with an opening performance.

Key in: To enter data or information using a keyboard or keypad.

Example:  Please key in your password to access the account.

Kiss off: To dismiss or reject someone or something with contempt.

Example:  The manager kissed off the proposal without considering it.

Knock down: To hit and cause something to fall or collapse.

Example:  The strong wind knocked down several trees.

Kneel down: To lower oneself to a kneeling position.

Example:  The bride and groom knelt down during the wedding ceremony.

Knuckle down: To focus or apply oneself diligently to a task.

Example:  With exams approaching, it’s time to knuckle down and study.

Kick out: To force someone to leave or expel them from a place.

Example:  The bouncer kicked out the troublemakers from the club.

Keep up: To maintain the same level or pace of performance.

Example:  With regular practice, she managed to keep up with her teammates.

L

Look for: To search or seek something or someone.

Example:  They went to look for the missing keys.

Lay off: To terminate someone’s employment, usually due to downsizing.

Example:  The company had to lay off some employees during the recession.

Live up to: To fulfill or meet expectations or standards.

Example:  The new restaurant lives up to its reputation for excellent food.

Let down: To disappoint or fail to meet someone’s expectations.

Example:  She felt let down when her friend didn’t show up.

Log in: To access a computer system or website with a username and password.

Example:  Please log in to your account to view the details.

Look down on: To regard or treat someone with disdain or contempt.

Example:  She looked down on people who didn’t share her interests.

Look out for: To be watchful or cautious about potential dangers or someone’s well-being.

Example:  Look out for your little sister while we’re at the store.

Look up to: To admire or respect someone greatly.

Example:  The students look up to their inspiring teacher.

Lend a hand: To offer help or assistance.

Example:  Whenever they need support, he’s always willing to lend a hand.

Lean on: To depend on or seek support from someone.

Example:  During tough times, she could lean on her best friend for advice.

100 phrasal verbs

M

Make up: To invent or create a story or excuse.

Example:  He made up an elaborate tale to explain his absence.

Move on: To progress or shift focus to something new.

Example:  After the breakup, she decided it was time to move on.

Mess up: To make a mistake or create confusion.

Example:  She messed up the recipe, but it still tasted good.

Measure up: To be equal to or meet the required standards.

Example:  The candidate’s qualifications measure up to the job requirements.

Mix up: To confuse or mistake one thing or person for another.

Example:  I mixed up the twins’ names; they look so similar!

Make out: To discern or understand something with difficulty.

Example:  He couldn’t quite make out what she was saying from a distance.

Make do: To manage with whatever is available or make the best of limited resources.

Example:  We didn’t have enough chairs, so we had to make do with cushions.

Mark down: To reduce the price or value of something.

Example:  The store marked down the prices during the clearance sale.

Mix in: To combine or add ingredients to a mixture.

Example:  After baking, mix in the chocolate chips for added flavor.

Meet up: To gather or rendezvous with someone at a specified place.

Example:  They decided to meet up at the café for coffee.

N

Nod off: To fall asleep unintentionally, often while sitting or standing.

Example:  The boring lecture made some students nod off.

Narrow down: To reduce or limit options or possibilities.

Example:  They managed to narrow down the list of potential candidates.

Note down: To write or make a note of something.

Example:  She noted down the important points during the meeting.

Nose around: To snoop or intrude into someone else’s business.

Example:  Stop nosing around and respect their privacy.

Name after: To give someone or something the same name as someone else.

Example:  They named their daughter after her grandmother.

Number among: To include or classify someone or something in a specific group.

Example:  She is numbered among the top scientists in her field.

Nod to: To acknowledge or greet someone with a nod of the head.

Example:  He nodded to his neighbor as he passed by.

Nail down: To firmly establish or finalize details or arrangements.

Example:  They need to nail down the contract terms before proceeding.

Nestle against: To rest or cuddle close against something or someone.

Example:  The cat nestled against its owner for comfort.

Note to self: An informal reminder to oneself about something important.

Example:  Note to self: Buy groceries on the way home.

O

Open up: To become more candid or communicative.

Example:  After a while, she opened up about her feelings.

Opt for: To choose or select something over other alternatives.

Example:  They decided to opt for the healthier option on the menu.

Own up to: To admit or confess to a mistake or wrongdoing.

Example:  He finally owned up to breaking the vase.

Offend against: To violate or break a law or moral principle.

Example:  The act offends against basic human rights.

Owe to: To be indebted to someone or something.

Example:  He owes his success to hard work and dedication.

Offer up: To present or sacrifice something, often in a religious context.

Example:  They offered up prayers for the well-being of their loved ones.

Opt out: To choose not to participate in something.

Example:  She decided to opt out of the optional extracurricular activity.

Observe from: To watch or monitor from a distance.

Example:  They observed the wildlife from a hidden spot.

Open out: To unfold or spread something that was folded.

Example:  The map opened out to reveal the entire city.

Operate on: To perform surgery on someone.

Example:  The skilled surgeon operated on the patient successfully.

P

Pull over: To stop a vehicle at the side of the road.

Example:  The police officer asked the driver to pull over for speeding.

Pass away: To die or pass on.

Example:  Her grandfather passed away peacefully in his sleep.

Pick up: To lift something from a surface or gather someone from a location.

Example:  She picked up the fallen books from the floor.

Put off: To postpone or delay an event or action.

Example:  The meeting was put off until next week due to scheduling conflicts.

Play around: To behave in a silly or unserious manner.

Example:  The children love to play around in the park.

Pay back: To return money or a favor to someone who lent or helped.

Example:  He promised to pay her back as soon as possible.

Peek in: To take a quick or furtive look into a place.

Example:  He peeked in through the window to see if anyone was home.

Pile up: To accumulate or gather in a disorganized manner.

Example:  The dirty dishes piled up in the sink.

Pass out: To lose consciousness or faint.

Example:  The heat made him pass out during the marathon.

Phase out: To gradually discontinue or remove something.

Example:  The company plans to phase out the old product line.

Q

Queue up: To stand in line or wait in a queue.

Example:  They queued up outside the theater for tickets.

Quarrel over: To argue or dispute about something.

Example:  The siblings quarreled over who would get the last piece of cake.

Quiet down: To become less noisy or make less noise.

Example:  The children were asked to quiet down during the assembly.

Quicken up: To increase the pace or speed of something.

Example:  The runners were asked to quicken up their pace.

Quit on: To stop or give up on someone or something.

Example:  He never quits on his friends, no matter the circumstances.

Quench one’s thirst: To satisfy one’s thirst by drinking.

Example:  After a long hike, they quenched their thirst with cold water.

Qualify for: To meet the necessary requirements or criteria for something.

Example:  She qualified for the scholarship due to her outstanding grades.

Question about: To ask or inquire about something.

Example:  He questioned the teacher about the assignment.

Quick fix: An immediate but temporary solution to a problem.

Example:  The patch was just a quick fix until they could find a permanent solution.

Quirk of fate: A strange or unexpected twist of fate or destiny.

Example:  Meeting her again after all these years was a quirk of fate.

100 phrasal verbs

R

Rip off: To overcharge or overprice something.

Example:  They felt they were ripped off by the expensive restaurant.

Run out of: To deplete the supply of something.

Example:  We ran out of milk, so we need to buy more.

Rely on: To depend or count on someone or something.

Example:  She knows she can always rely on her best friend for support.

Read up on: To study or research a topic by reading about it.

Example:  Before the interview, she read up on the company’s history.

Rule out: To eliminate or exclude something from consideration.

Example:  The doctor ruled out any serious medical conditions.

Reach out to: To make contact with someone, often for assistance or support.

Example:  She decided to reach out to her mentor for advice.

Run into: To encounter or meet someone unexpectedly.

Example:  I ran into an old friend at the grocery store.

Rub off on: To influence or have an effect on someone.

Example:  Her positive attitude rubbed off on her coworkers.

Root for: To cheer or support someone or something enthusiastically.

Example:  The crowd rooted for their favorite team during the game.

Rock on: An informal expression of encouragement or approval.

Example:  “You did great in the performance! Rock on!

 

S

Set up: To arrange or prepare something for use.

Example:  They set up a meeting to discuss the project.

Show off: To display one’s abilities, possessions, or achievements boastfully.

Example:  He likes to show off his new car to everyone.

Speak up: To speak more loudly or assertively.

Example:  If you have something to say, don’t be afraid to speak up.

Settle in: To become accustomed or familiar with a new environment or situation.

Example:  They need some time to settle in after moving to a new city.

Switch off: To turn off a device or stop paying attention.

Example:  Switch off the lights before leaving the room.

Stand out: To be noticeable or distinctive from others.

Example:  Her exceptional talent makes her stand out in the crowd.

Speak out: To express one’s opinion or viewpoint openly.

Example:  It’s essential to speak out against injustice.

Stay out of: To avoid involvement or interference in a situation.

Example:  I prefer to stay out of their argument.

Step on: To accidentally or intentionally tread or crush something with one’s foot.

Example:  Be careful not to step on the flowers.

Slip up: To make a mistake or blunder.

Example:  He slipped up during the presentation but quickly recovered.

T

Take up: To start or begin a hobby, activity, or occupation.

Example:  She decided to take up painting in her free time.

Turn up: To appear or arrive unexpectedly.

Example:  He turned up at the party uninvited.

Think over: To carefully consider or contemplate something.

Example:  Take some time to think over your decision.

Talk back: To reply to someone disrespectfully or defiantly.

Example:  The child was scolded for talking back to the teacher.

Throw away: To discard or get rid of something.

Example:  They decided to throw away the old furniture.

Turn down: To refuse or reject an offer or request.

Example:  She turned down the job offer due to the location.

Try on: To test or wear something, usually clothing, to see how it fits.

Example:  She tried on several dresses before choosing one.

Talk over: To discuss or confer about something with others.

Example:  They need to talk over the project before starting.

Take over: To assume control or responsibility for something.

Example:  The new manager will take over the department next week.

Tune in: To listen or watch a specific program or broadcast.

Example:  Don’t forget to tune in to the live concert tonight.

U

Use up: To exhaust or deplete a resource or supply.

Example:  They used up all the paint for the mural.

Utter out: To say or speak something aloud.

Example:  He uttered out a heartfelt thank you to the audience.

Uncover from: To reveal or expose something that was hidden.

Example:  The investigators uncovered new evidence in the case.

Unravel from: To untangle or solve a complex problem or mystery.

Example:  The detective managed to unravel the mystery.

Undo from: To reverse or cancel an action or process.

Example:  She accidentally undid the changes she made.

Unload from: To remove or take off a heavy burden or responsibility.

Example:  He needs to unload the stress and relax.

Undergo through: To experience or endure a process or procedure.

Example:  The patient will undergo through surgery tomorrow.

Upgrade to: To improve or replace with a newer, better version.

Example:  They decided to upgrade to the latest model.

Upset about: To feel disturbed or troubled by something.

Example:  She was upset about the news of the accident.

Useful for: To serve a purpose or be beneficial for something.

Example:  This tool will be useful for fixing the bike.

100 phrasal verbs

V

Vary from: To differ or be different from something else.

Example:  The prices vary from store to store.

Venture into: To explore or start something new or risky.

Example:  He decided to venture into the business world.

Visit with: To spend time with someone in a social context.

Example:  We often visit with our grandparents on weekends.

Vote for: To support or choose someone or something through voting.

Example:  She plans to vote for her favorite candidate.

Value in: To find importance or significance in something.

Example:  There is value in learning from past mistakes.

Vouch for: To provide support or assurance for someone or something.

Example:  I can vouch for his honesty; he’s a trustworthy person.

Volunteer for: To offer to do something without being compelled or paid.

Example:  She volunteered for the charity event.

Verify with: To confirm or validate information with someone or something.

Example:  We need to verify the details with the official records.

View as: To perceive or consider something in a particular way.

Example:  They viewed her as a role model.

Value for: To hold something in high regard or cherish it.

Example:  Family time is value for him; he prioritizes it.

W

Wake up: To stop sleeping and become conscious.

Example:  She woke up early to catch the sunrise.

Work out: To exercise or engage in physical activity.

Example:  He works out at the gym every day.

Wash off: To remove dirt or stains by washing.

Example:  Wash off the mud from your shoes before entering.

Wipe away: To remove or clean something by wiping.

Example:  She wiped away the tears from her eyes.

Walk away: To leave or go away from a situation.

Example:  Despite the argument, she decided to walk away calmly.

Wait on: To serve or attend to someone as a waiter or waitress.

Example:  He waited on the guests during the dinner party.

Watch out for: To be cautious or careful about potential danger or hazards.

Example:  Watch out for slippery surfaces in the rain.

Warm up: To raise the temperature or prepare for an activity.

Example:  They warmed up before the dance performance.

Whisk away: To take someone away quickly or suddenly.

Example:  The ambulance whisked away the injured player.

Whip up: To prepare or make something quickly.

Example:  She managed to whip up a delicious meal in no time.

X

Xerox a document: To make a copy of a document using a Xerox machine.

Example:  Please Xerox this document for our records.

X-ray an object: To use X-rays to examine or analyze an object’s internal structure.

Example:  The doctor decided to X-ray his injured leg.

Y

Yield to: To give in to someone’s request or demand.

Example:  He decided to yield to his friend’s persuasion.

Yank away: To pull away quickly or forcibly.

Example:  She yanked away her hand from the hot stove.

Z

Zero in on: To focus or concentrate on something or someone.

Example:  The detective decided to zero in on the main suspect.

Zip up: To close or fasten a zipper on clothing or a bag.

Example:  She forgot to zip up her jacket before leaving.

 

II. Demystifying Phrasal Verbs

Phrasal verbs can be tricky for English learners, but once you understand their structure and types, they become easier to grasp and use effectively. In this section, we will demystify phrasal verbs by breaking down their components and exploring their various types and characteristics.

Conjugating Phrasal Verbs: Breaking Down the Components

Phrasal verbs consist of a main verb and one or more particles (adverbs or prepositions). The meaning of the phrasal verb often differs from the individual meanings of its components. Let’s break down the components of a phrasal verb:

  1. Main Verb: The core action word that gives the phrasal verb its primary meaning. Examples include “take,” “run,” “give,” and “turn.”
  2. Particle: The adverb or preposition that accompanies the main verb and modifies its meaning. Examples include “up,” “down,” “on,” “off,” “out,” “in,” and many others.

When conjugating phrasal verbs, we need to pay attention to the tense, subject, and object.

Let’s recapitulate the key takeaways and emphasize the importance of continuous practice to enhance fluency.

Recapitulation of Key Takeaways on Phrasal Verbs

  1. Definition: Phrasal verbs are combinations of a main verb and one or more particles (adverbs or prepositions) that convey a specific meaning.
  2. Structure: Phrasal verbs consist of a main verb and a particle, and their meanings often differ from the individual words’ meanings.
  3. Types: Phrasal verbs can be classified into transitive, intransitive, separable, and inseparable based on their object dependency and word order.
  4. Usage: Phrasal verbs are commonly used in everyday conversations, informal writing, formal writing, questions, and commands.
  5. Word Order: Pay attention to the correct word order when using phrasal verbs, as it can vary depending on the type.
  6. Context: Phrasal verbs are used in specific contexts, making it easier to remember and apply them effectively.

Encouraging Continuous Practice to Enhance Fluency

Like any aspect of language learning, continuous practice is crucial to enhance fluency with phrasal verbs. Embrace every opportunity to use them in conversations, writing, and reading materials. Engaging in regular practice will help reinforce your understanding and improve your ability to use them naturally.

Try incorporating phrasal verbs into your daily interactions, writing exercises, and even formal presentations. The more you use them, the more confident and comfortable you will become in their application.

100-phrasal-verbs

Emphasizing the Importance of Phrasal Verbs in Becoming a Proficient English Speaker

Phrasal verbs are an integral part of fluent English communication. Mastering them will not only enrich your vocabulary but also add depth and expressiveness to your language skills. Whether you are engaging in casual conversations, participating in academic discussions, or writing professional documents, phrasal verbs can help you convey your thoughts effectively and create a lasting impact on your audience.

As you continue on your language learning journey, remember that mastering phrasal verbs is not a one-time task but an ongoing process. Embrace the challenge, be patient with yourself, and enjoy the journey of becoming a proficient English speaker.

Throughout this comprehensive guide on phrasal verbs, we have gathered valuable information from various reputable sources to ensure accuracy and reliability. Among these sources are websites and books that have been instrumental in shaping our understanding of phrasal verbs and how to use them correctly.

Websites:

Books:

  1. “The Oxford Phrasal Verbs Dictionary” by Colin McIntosh
  2. “McGraw-Hill’s Dictionary of American Idioms and Phrasal Verbs” by Richard Spears
  3. “Cambridge Phrasal Verbs Dictionary” by Cambridge University Press

Written by ARZPAK

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